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Medications For Addiction Treatment

Treating Addiction With Medicines


To reduce the possibility of relapsing and to ease withdrawal symptoms, the use of other drugs during the treatment process has become quite common. These medicines helps the user to become sober. Intensive and most severe withdrawal symptoms cause many to go back to taking drugs. Medicines for addiction medical care can be prescribed as a segment of an inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation program. In order to provide the best possibility of accomplishing sobriety, doctors might adapt medication doses during the progress of treatment.


Some medicines can imitate the symptoms of habit-forming drugs, which alleviates withdrawal effects and cravings.


Detoxification And Withdrawal From Drugs

The body has to get rid of the last remnants of the drug in the first stage of recovery. This process is referred to as detoxification. Based on the drug, the detoxification process can last from several days to several weeks.

The hardest part of detoxification is having to deal with withdrawal symptoms. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. Long-time drug users who took massive doses experience the most severe withdrawal symptoms.


The patient may experience horrible symptoms during detox. These are some side effects:

  • Stress
  • Intense sadness
  • Sickness
  • Fits
  • Body pains
  • Excessive perspiration

Different withdrawal symptoms are treated with different medications. Many of the drugs that doctors use in detoxification are:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • For stress and irritability reduction.
  • Withdrawal from many drugs including Heroin and Cocaine can cause anxiousness.
  • Benzodiazepines can help ease these side effects during withdrawal.
  • This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
  • Antidepressants
  • A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
  • Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
  • To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
  • Clonidine
  • Sweating, aches, muscle pains and nervousness can be reduced by using Clonidine in the treatment of alcohol and opiate withdrawals.
  • Clonidine is useful for controlling shivering and convulsions.

Detoxing can be a deadly business, especially if from alcohol, Valium or Xanax so addicts should never go cold turkey. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. Medical assistance guarantees protection and accomplishment in detoxification.

Get in touch with an addiction specialist if you know someone who is struggling with addiction.


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Addiction Medication

Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction can last from several weeks to a few months depending on the frequency and duration over which alcohol is abused. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

PAWS can be comforted through maintenance rehabilitation that may not only reduce hunger but also limit drug desire. The medication is usually taken as a single pill once a day.


Alcohol addiction medication includes:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol) stops the brain from producing pleasure chemicals in reaction to alcohol intake.
  • It stops the urge to take alcohol.
  • There are side effects of using Naltrexone including headaches and nausea.
  • It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • The psychological and bodily stress emanating from alcohol abuse is relieved by taking Acamprosate (Campral).
  • This medication is usually taken by recovering alcoholics after the detoxification period is over.
  • Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Among the drugs approved for treating alcoholism Disulfiram was the first one.
  • Disulfiram causes sickness and vomiting if alcohol is consumed at the same time.
  • This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.

Find out more details about liquor addiction treatment.


Medications For Opiate And Heroin Addiction

Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin are all Opiates. Opiate and Heroin medications helps the person in fighting against hunger and withdrawal signs. These medications are taken daily in the form of orally ingestible pills.

Everyone has a different withdrawal experience and for some it may only last as little as a week. Some have long-term withdrawal side effects. In some cases the withdrawals side effects can last for months or years. The urges to use drugs and PAWS can be treated using long-term replacement medications. Medications are usually prescribed to recovering addicts for as long as is necessary.

Opiate addiction is usually treated using medications such as:

  • Methadone
  • Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
  • Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
  • This drug suppressing the craving and withdrawal symptoms.
  • Because Methadone also has the capacity to cause addiction, it is usually prescribed cautiously.
  • It also prevents abuse so it is dispensed daily by clinics..
  • Additional Facts about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone, however it is little monitored since the addiction potential is inferior.
  • Buprenorphine users may frequently take the drug home with them in place of heading to a centre each day to get it.
  • Naltrexone
  • The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
  • This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
  • Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.

Medical Detox And Rehab

It is possible to detox at home. Choosing detox on your own is not only difficult but also more hazardous than detoxing with physician. Medical detoxification is the ideal method to accomplish sobriety in a secure and comfortable atmosphere. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.

A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.

Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. If the patient experiences discomfort, they can be eased with the help of the doctor. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.

Other health problems can make detox more complex, therefore, medical detox should be sought. High blood pressure is one of the problem of withdrawals. Any type of issue is solved by the doctor.

Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. In some circumstances, inpatient rehabilitation takes from 30 to 90 days. Constant supervision is given during the first week of detox. Treatment in rehab centres also incorporates psychological counselling for an all round recovery.

Look for a rehab centre offering medically supervised detox for your friend, relative or yourself call 0800 246 1509.