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CBT Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Understanding It

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a treatment for psychological problems that seeks to address the thinking or behaviour patterns of a person with a mental health condition.

Dr. Aaron T. Beck started Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in the 60s which is a branch of mental health counselling.


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Cognitive behavioural therapy helps people deal with dysfunctional thoughts and feelings and to recover from addiction.


Nowadays, CBT has become a common part of treating addictions. CBT educates recovering addicts to establish connections between their thoughts, feelings and actions and to increase awareness about how these matters can have an impact on recovery.

Along with addictions, CBT also facilitates treating various co-occurring disorders, such as the following:

  • Nervousness
  • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
  • Mood swings
  • Various forms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Eating disorders
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder [PTSD]

There are many rehab centres that provide CBT and you can find one near you today.


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How Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Works

CBT clearly shows that a good deal of destructive emotions and actions are neither reasonable nor logical. Our environment and experiences in the past may be the cause of these actions and behaviours.

The patients can easily get to know the thoughts that are turning them to drug abuse through the help of the therapists. Automatic thoughts are generally impulsive and often as a result of misconceptions and internal feelings of fear and self-doubt. People start to use some of the rugs in an effort to cover up these thoughts.


A person may be better able to deal with their addiction if they know what causes them to feel as they do and how these emotions and behaviours lead to the use of a drug or alcohol.

Recovering addicts can soothe the pain caused by distressful memories by repeatedly revisiting them. The addicts then get a fresh opportunity to learn positive behaviours in order to replace their addiction for alcohol or drugs.


Dependency Treatment And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Over Dependency on the drugs is also associated with behaviours such as feeling sad and nervous and this are caused by the bad thoughts.

It means that automatic thoughts can make a person more likely to take drugs and drink alcohol.

How to identify what brings on the urge for the drug or alcohol on a day to day basis. There are three ways in which CBT can help recovering users deal with triggers according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.


Alcoholism And Other Drugs Can Be Eliminated By Cbt Including

  • Helping to dispel my persuasions and feeling of insecurity, which result in substance abuse, from the patient's mind.
  • Providing the tools needed for self-help to improve their moods.
  • Training the patient on how to express themselves better.

How To Manage Triggers

  • Recognize Triggers In Time
  • Learn to identify what makes you want to take drugs or drink.
  • Shun
  • Stay away from places and situations that make you want to drink or take the drugs.
  • Deal With Them (Cope)
  • This involves dealing with the thoughts and feelings that cause you to abuse the substance using methods learnt in CBT.

Patients can well practice CBT techniques even at the places other than the therapist's office. Patients can do a lot of CBT exercises all by themselves - at a group meeting and at home.

The techniques of CBT are also being used in the SMART programs and other self help groups on addiction.


Techniques Applied In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

There are different practices that are used to overcome an addiction using CBT.

CBT methods that are important in treating addiction include:

  • Thought Records
  • Patients recovering from addiction review their automatic negative thoughts and search for solid evidence that proves and contradicts these thoughts.
  • The participants are supposed to evaluate their thoughts critically to see the downsides it is causing to their lives.
  • The aim is to help people switch to more balanced and less rough thoughts by taking stock of what they are thinking.

For example, a person may think that a supervisor at work doesn't think highly of them. In this case, CBT will help the person move from a mindset where they feel they need to drink to feel better about themselves to one where they see mistakes as a normal part of the learning process. I'll do better next time, and my manager will be happy with me. This will lead them to realize that they don't need alcohol to feel better.

  • Behavioural Experiments
  • Here the exercises involve comparing negative thoughts and positive thoughts to see which influence good behaviour more.
  • Where some people may respond to self-criticism, others may prefer self-kindness.
  • Behavioural experiments help individuals figure out whether they are self-motivators or self-critics.

For example, some people may drink less if they criticize themselves more while others may drink less if they encourage themselves more.

  • Creating Images In Your Mind
  • This exercise requires recovering addicts to think about a memory that can instigate powerful negative feelings.
  • The person then carefully notes what they were seeing, hearing, feeling and thinking in that moment.
  • The anxiousness caused by certain negative experiences can be lessened by going over these experiences over and over.

Example: A person revisits a traumatic event from their childhood. He reproduces every feeling and emotion which he experienced at that moment. The consistent exposure to his past begins to cause him less pain and reduces the requirement to self-medicate with the use of alcohol or drugs.

  • The Schedule of Pleasant Activities
  • It is a technique that involves working out a list for the week to come, filling it with fun and healthy, activities; it helps a person break the monotony of everyday routine.
  • These are activities that are designed to elicit positive feelings and are usually easy to do.
  • Planning the positive activities contributes to the reduction of negative feelings being generated and a resultant urge to indulge in drinking or drug use.

Example: In the place of drinking or indulging in drugs while working, a worn-out financial advisor unwinds at his desk for quarter an hour daily. He or she can begin to use the extra time at their desk to enjoy some new music from a melodious artist.


The Difference Between Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Other Psychotherapies

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is more likeable than many other methods of therapy.

Addicts in treatment are expected to go beyond just talking to the therapist during the CBT sitting and the therapist is not just a passive listener. The addicts and the therapists will be working with each other to treat the addiction.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy applies fruitful, action-focused techniques aimed at quick result. Lots of mid length rehabilitation programs that last from 60 to 90 days include CBT techniques to give patients more opportunities to cop? with their problems.

It may takes years to see tangible results with most psychotherapy methods. More often than not, CBT needs 16 meetings to deliver significant results.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can easily be adapted, which makes it very idyllic in both outpatient and inpatient situations as well as group and private counselling atmospheres. Numerous therapists and addiction treatment centres are commonly including CBT along with the recovery plans which are offered by them.