What Is Drug Addiction?
Substance dependency is a chronic illness that is identified by uncontrollable substance seeking and use, regardless of the harmful effects and alterations in the brain that can be permanent. Some of those who use drugs develop some dangerous behaviours due to these alterations in the functioning of their brain. Substance dependency is also a relapsing illness. Relapsing is when a person starts to use drugs again after he/she attempted to quit.
Using drugs out of one's volition is the road that leads to drug addiction. After some time, a man's capacity to pick not to do as such becomes compromised. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. The increased length of time that the person's brain relies on drugs to function is the cause of this. The portion of the human brain that controls human behaviour, learning and memory, and reward and motivation are negatively influenced by addiction.
Addiction is a sickness that influences both the mind and conduct.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
It can, however it is hard. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. Most patients need long haul or rehashed care to quit utilizing totally and recoup their lives.
An addict in treatment must work toward the following:
- Stopping to require using the drug
- stay drug free
- be profitable in the family, at work and in the public arena
Principles Behind Effective Treatment
Ongoing scientific research since the 1970s has shown that the following basic principles should be the basis of any effective course of treatment:
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- No single treatment is appropriate for everybody.
- Individuals must be able to access treatment quickly.
- To be successful, the treatment plan should not focus on the addiction only but the whole person.
- Going through with the programme is essential.
- The most frequently used forms of treatment are counselling and other behavioural therapies.
- Behavioural therapies are often combined with medications, which are another important aspect of therapy.
- To make sure the user's most current requirements are met, there is a need for continuous evaluations and adjustments to the treatment regime.
- Treatment ought to address other conceivable mental problems.
- Medically assisted detoxification is just the very first step of the treatment.
- For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
- Substance use during treatment should be observed constantly.
- The treatment programs must ensure that patients are tested for tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and other infectious ailments, while they should also be informed about the best way to avoid contacting those.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Effective treatment consists of several steps:
- detoxification (the procedure by which the body frees itself of a medication)
- behavioural counselling
- medication (for tobacco, opioid, or alcohol addiction)
- evaluation and treatment for mental health issues like anxiety and depression that co-occur with addiction
- long-term after treatment care to avoid relapse
Using a wide range of treatments tailored to the needs of the patient is a key to success.
Both medical and mental health treatment should be utilized as needed. Follow-up care may comprise group or family-based recuperation supportive networks.
How Is Medication Employed In Substance Dependency Treatment?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
- Withdrawal Medicines help in decreasing withdrawal side effects amidst detoxification. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. A patient who does not get any additional treatment after completing a detox generally continue their substance use. One research of treatment centres found that drugs were utilized as a part of just about 80 percent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Relapse Prevention The cravings for drugs can be lowered and normal brain functions restored in the patients with the help of medications. Medication is available for the treatment of tobacco (nicotine), alcohol and opioid (prescription pain relievers and heroin) dependency. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. Treatment for every substance they have ever abused will be necessary for those that use multiple drugs.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Psychotherapy assists addicts to:
- Change their behaviour toward and the way the think about their drug use
- Learn to exercise healthy life skills
- Keep going with other forms of treatment, like medication and support groups
A patient can get treatment in several different environments using different approaches.
Outpatient treatment is an option where a wide range of programs are available for patients who continue to visit behavioural health professionals regularly. Personal or group drug counselling or both of them are included in majority of the programs.
Treatments available in some of these treatment sessions address psychological issues like:
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
- Multidimensional family therapy, which is for teenage addicts and their families to understand all of the factors influencing the patterns of drug abuse and works on improving the family's ability to function
- motivational interviewing, which gets most of the addicts disposed to work on their behaviour and commence treatment
- Motivational impetuses (possibility management), which utilizes uplifting feedback to support restraint from medications
Treatment is once in awhile escalated at to begin with, where patients go to numerous outpatient sessions every week. After the completion of the in-depth treatment, a patient moves to frequent outpatient treatment, which does not meet as regularly and for fewer hours every week to assist with maintaining his/her recovery.
For a patient with severe problems, including coexisting conditions, inpatient or residential treatment is very effective. The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. At the inpatient rehab centres, various treatment procedures are employed all for the benefit of the patient to help them attain a drug-free life void of crime.
Some examples of inpatient treatment environments are:
- In the period it takes for the patient to recover, usually six to twelve months, the patient becomes a member of the community at the therapeutic facility. The behaviours, understanding and attitude of the addict towards drugs is affected by the whole community, which involves the staff that offer the treatment and those recovering from addiction, as they take up the role of change agents.
- Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
- Recuperation lodging gives regulated, brief-span housing for patients, regularly taking after different sorts of inpatient or residential management. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.
Difficulties Of Re-Passage
Substance abuse alters the functioning of the brain, and several things can activate a craving for the substance within the brain. It's basic for those in treatment, particularly those treated at an inpatient centre or jail, to figure out how to identify, ignore and adapt to triggers they are probably going to be presented to after treatment.