The record of deaths resulting from accidents involving at least one drunk driver in the UK in 2013 was between 220 and 260. The number of deaths was around 240. Though the rate of accidents caused by drunk drivers has witnessed a huge drop within the last 35 years, we still have these high figures.
Between 1979 and 2012, there was a significant decrease in the numbers of deaths and serious injuries related to drink driving which has fallen by more than 75%.
80 milligrammes of alcohol for 80 millimetres of blood is the acceptable volume for drivers in England and Wales, while the volume for 100 millilitres of breath is 35 microgrammes, and 107 milligrams for 100 millilitres of urine.
50mg of alcohol per 100ml of blood is the common limit for many other European nations, which is less than England and Wales.
Compared to other countries in the UK, the blood alcohol limit for motorist in Scotland is unique. 50mg of alcohol per 100mm of blood is what the limit went down to in December of 2014. 22 micrograms of alcohol was accepted for every 100 millilitres of breath too.
This was done in order to make the roads safer and minimize loss of life in the Scottish roads and make the limit match other European nations, says the Scottish Government.
A foolproof method of drinking and staying within the limit is still to be discovered. The quantity of alcohol which you would need to consume in order to be considered as over the driving limit will vary from one person to another.
The following are the factors that determine it:
The best thing to do while driving is to avoid drinking, because you never know what causes the accident, so better safe than sorry.
When we are under the influence of alcohol, a huge amount of the brain functions that are active when we drive are negatively affected:
You can experience blurred and double vision, this affects the drivers ability to visualise things normally. Your ability to suppress some desires will be lost, making you susceptible to dangerous risks you hitherto wouldn't have taken.
Even a small quantity of alcohol will affect your ability to drive, and it would be safer if you avoided any alcohol if you are going to drive.
You can be subjected to a screening breath test by the roadside if the police look forward to investigating whether you are over the drink driving limit. The device that is used to check the drinking limit is called breathalyzer.
If you do not pass this test or if the police have other grounds to believe that, your driving was impaired because of alcohol you could be taken to the police station for further testing with a final breath test. At the police station, you will be required to provide two or more breath specimens, which will be taken in a complex breathalyser.
To determine whether you are driving above the limit, the breath specimen that reads lower will be used.
If the breath tests are under a certain limit, you will be fine, but if they exceed a certain limit, you will be tested out with your blood or urine samples by the police. They will press charges against you if the evidential specimens show that you have exceeded the limit.
You will be tested out for various reasons using breathalyser, like if you have violated the traffic rules or you have almost been caught in an accident.
Check points where drivers are screened for drink driving are usually set up around the major holidays and the police can stop whichever vehicle they choose to stop.
The punishment is severe, and you will be charged with '5,000 and 12 months ban on driving. You also have the chances of receiving 3 to 11 penalty driving points. Police can also send you to the jail for more than six months. The severity of the drink driving offence will determine the penalty points, the amount of fine to pay, the jail term, and how long you will be disqualified from driving. A three year ban or longer will be given in case you're caught driving while over the legal alcohol limit more than once in ten years.